Image Wisely Launches New Fluoroscopy Initiative

ImageWisely.org has launched a new initiative that will help radiology providers deliver quality patient care and optimize radiation dose and image quality during fluoroscopic procedures. The organization now offers online educational materials for fluoroscopy, computed tomography and nuclear medicine exams.

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New X-Ray Imaging System Developed To See Live How Effective Treatments Are For Cystic Fibrosis

It can take several months to measure how effective treatment is for Cystic Fibrosis, the early-fatal lung disease, but now a new imaging method allows live viewing to monitor treatment. “Because we will be able to see how effectively treatments are working straight away, we’ll be able to develop new treatments a lot more quickly, and help better treat people with cystic fibrosis,” said lead researcher, Dr Morgan.

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Mammography Reduces Late Stage Breast Cancer

A study published in Cancer found that the number of people diagnosed with advanced-stage breast cancer has decreased by 37 percent since health care providers begain using mammography. Researchers from the University of Michigan produced the report. The study also found that the number of early-stage diagnoses increased 48 percent.

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ASTRO And AAPM Launch Incident Reporting System

The American Society for Radiation Oncology and the American Association of Physicists in Medicine have announced the launch of a national initiative to facilitate safer and higher-quality radiation oncology care. The secure reporting system called RO-ILS: Radiation Oncology Incident Learning System, will provide data to educate the radiation oncology community about practice risks and how to improve safety and patient care.

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CT Use Slashed in Pediatric Appendicitis with Simple Algorithm

A simple diagnostic algorithm for pediatric acute appendicitis decreased the use of imaging, including CT, without reducing diagnostic accuracy, according to a study presented earlier this year in Surgery online. “Given the concern for increased risk of cancer after CT, these results support use of an algorithm in children with suspected appendicitis,” wrote the authors.

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Improving the Imaging Experience of Patients with PTSD

A quality assessment and improvement project at the Veterans Affairs Puget Sound Health Care System in Seattle revealed the need for optimization of the imaging experience of patients with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and a viable area for improved awareness and future research, according to a feature published in the June issue of the Journal of the American College of Radiology.

Many patients with PTSD require diagnostic imaging for workup of medical problems, yet radiologic examinations could invoke anxiety, fear or discomfort in this demographic.

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Brain scans differentiate adults who have recovered from childhood ADHD and those whose difficulties linger

About 11 percent of school-age children in the United States have been diagnosed with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) While many of these children eventually “outgrow” the disorder, some carry their difficulties into adulthood: About 10 million American adults are currently diagnosed with ADHD.

In the first study to compare patterns of brain activity in adults who recovered from childhood ADHD and those who did not, MIT neuroscientists have discovered key differences in brain activity. The researchers used a technique called resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) to study what the brain is doing.

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Quantitative Susceptibility MR Imaging Developed to Monitor Multiple Sclerosis

Researchers from Western University’s Robarts Research Institute have developed a new application called quantitative susceptibility (QS) magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to monitor specific areas of the brain. The application provides a better way to monitor multiple sclerosis at its earliest stages.

“Our research provides a quantitative tool using a relatively conventional imaging sequence but with novel analysis. This tool shows that there is considerable damage occurring in common areas of all patients in both the white matter and in the deep brain structures—the gray matter. Those quantitative measures—what we call quantitative susceptibility—correlate with disease symptoms,” states Dr. Menon of the research team.

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Detailed imaging of lung diseases provided by X-ray dark-field radiography

Scientists have for the first time tested X-ray dark-field radiography on a living organism to diagnose lung disease, enabling highly detailed images of the lung to be produced. As reported in the Investigative Radiology journal, this method shows promise in detecting diseases such as pulmonary emphysema at an earlier stage, than it is currently available. Conventional radiographic procedures generate images based on the absorption of X-rays as they pass through the tissue. The newly developed technique of X-ray dark-field radiography uses new technology to monitor wave changes during tissue transmission to create higher resolution images.

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MRI Shows Disrupted Connections In The Brains Of Young People With ADHD

A new study has found that children with ADHD (Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder) have disrupted connections between different areas of the brain that are evident on resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (rfMRI). These findings, which are published online in the journal, Radiology, help provide objectively accurate, early diagnosis of the disorder that affects about 5% of children.

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